Essay upon Democracy In Pakistan discussed here along with future and past of Pakistan’s democracy. Pakistan is a country whose foundations were being made on the basis of democracy and equality. In 1947 when Pakistan got the independence the first democratic government was being established. Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah has the vision that the country should be ruled by the people and for that purpose general public representative was being required rather than an autocratic administrator. This was a very pleasant dream but unfortunately and due to the unstable situation of the country; democracy was being dented various times by the generals of Pakistani Army, this was being done by imposing Martial law and bringing the end to the democratic governance.
Democracy In Pakistan
Pakistan is one of those countries in which the largest numbers of martial laws were being imposed and this is significant example which shows that how frequently Pakistan has gone through the military rule. General Ayub Khan was the first Army General who imposed the Martial Law in Pakistan and it was in October 1958, when Sikander Mirza was being overruled by the army and first dictatorship was being implemented in the country. Although people were not very much satisfied by the army rule but still they played the vital role in maintaining the law and order situation of the country.
Second Martial Law was being imposed by General Zia-ul-Haq which again dented the democracy of the state and this time the conditions were even worse when the army General hanged one of the greatest leaders and one of the most renowned democratic leaders of the world; Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. The third and the final Martial Law which was being imposed in the country so far was in May 1998 when General Pervez Musharaf took over and threw down the government of Sharif Brothers which later resulted in their exile. This was the time period when Pakistan took the flight of success and economic development, no doubt this tenure of dictatorship proved to be very much healthy and productive for the nation as the law and order situation was being improved comprehensively.
In 2008 when Benazir Bhutto returned to the country was being martyred in a terrorist activities which gave the victory to the Pakistan People’s Party in the general elections of 2008 and this democratic government completed its tenure of 5 years recently. This is the first time which is being seen in the history of Pakistan that the democratic government has completed its allocated tenure. Democracy is very much essential for the country and hopefully in Pakistan democracy will prevail in the upcoming elections.
Democracy in Pakistan
3244 WordsJan 22nd, 201113 Pages
Democracy:-Government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.
Pakistan got Independence in 1947 and appeared on the world map as a Islamic Republic State. To get independent state idea was entirely based on to form the Islamic society so that its people can spend their lives in the light of Islamic principles and they can orientate the future polity, economy and mode of governance of the country.
It was a matter of grave misfortune that soon after independence we lost Quaid-e-Azam founder of Pakistan who was perhaps the only one capable leader who knew the means of true democracy, after him…show more content…
In Bhutto’s regime most big industries like steel, chemical, cement were nationalized. Despite of some decision which was not in the favour of Pakistan still Bhutto period concluded as the successive period in the history of democratic Pakistan's government as during his tenure there was absolute fall in poverty from 46.50% by the end of military rule to 30.78% by 1979-1980. During his Leadership Bhutto also faced a high scale criticism from his opponents. Finally he was thrown in 1977 by Gen Zia ul haq imposed the third Martial law. Bhutto was executed in 1979 after Supreme Court of Pakistan sentenced him to death for authorising the murder of political opponent in a move that many believe was done under the directives of General zia ul Haq.
Gen Zia held out solemn promise to establish Islamic democracy in the country within 90 days but continued to rule in the country as an absolute autocrat for number of years. He only promoted cult of sectarianism and extremism in the name of Islam that was to curse the social, political and religious life of the nation during the coming years. During his tenure he could not spell out a word that what he meant by Islamic democracy. In December 1984